Evaluating the effectiveness of Anti-Doping Interventions in Ugandan Sports through a Collaborative Approach 

  • Fund Source(s): World Anti-Doping Agency: $75,000 (pending)
  • PI: Dr. Timothy Makubuya, University of Missouri-St. Louis, College of Education
  • CO-PI:  Dr. Haruna Muwonge, Makerere University, College of Health Sciences
  • CO-PI: Dr. Roland Mukana, Department of Sports Sciences, Kyambogo University
  • CO-PI: Dr. Aya Nakitanda, Uganda Olympics Committee
  • CO-PI: Dr. Robert Zavuga, Uganda People’s Defense Forces
  • Research Assistants: Samuel Mugaya, Lilian Mugisha,

Agali Awamu (Together We Can): Evaluating the effectiveness of the anti-doping Intervention project, is a three-year project informed by our preliminary findings on the current knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs of athletes and athlete support personnel (ASP) on doping in Uganda (Muwonge, Makubuya, Lubega & Zavuga, 2021). This project will target both athletes and ASP, who will undergo multi-component interventions (i.e including a theory-oriented training on anti-doping information, World Anti-doping CODE, health and wellness class, strength training sessions, and a community-oriented anti-doping campaign), to elicit behavior change. Participants (athletes, N= 346; ASP, N= 196) will be conveniently assigned to four separate (athletes, n= 86; ASP, n = 49) groups of either an experimental or control groups based on their regions. Separate groups of participants will either i) be purposely assigned to one group with various components of i) theory-oriented training, led by educators and peer leaders who receive prior life skills training prior to participant training, ii) enrolled in a health and wellness class, iii) enrolled in a strength training session, iv) recruited to engage in a community anti-doping campaign, or assigned to a no-treatment group (control).


Supplements, herbs, and doping products usage among Uganda athletes and coaches.

  • Fund Source(s): World Anti-Doping Agency: $20,000
  • PI:  Dr. Haruna Muwonge, Makerere University, College of Health Sciences
  • CO-PI: Dr. Timothy Makubuya, University of Missouri-St. Louis, College of Education
  • CO-PI: Dr. Samuel K Lubega, University of Cape Town,
  • CO-PI: Dr. Robert Zavuga, Uganda Olympics Committee
  • Research Assistants: Samuel Mugaya, Henry Bakumpe, Vincent Morogah

Nutrition supplements are widely consumed in many regions of the globe today. In addition, the rise of potentially harmful substances sold under the umbrella of supplements has found a way in markets in developing countries. The objectives of this project are 1. To evaluate supplement and herbal product usage amongst athletes from all major sporting codes in Uganda 2. To evaluate the usage of doping substances or methods amongst Ugandan athletes from all major sporting codes. 3. To determine the existing framework for intervening in herbal product usage among athletes and support personnel in Uganda 4. To examine the existence of anti-drug abuse interventions targeting the misuse of herbal products among Ugandan athletes and support personnel. 5. To determine the level of susceptibility to doping agent usage among Ugandan athletes and suggest recommendations for intervention.


Establishment of the Center for Sports Research in Uganda

  • Fund Source(s): University of Missouri-St. Louis Global Fellowship Program: $1,250
  • PI: Dr. Timothy Makubuya
  • Research Assistant: Zori Paul

Through this internationalization effort, UMSL students in degree programs such as Sport Management and Exercise Science will receive an opportunity to interface with athletes and coaches from Uganda initially through an online platform to promote collaboration in form of peer mentoring and coaching. In addition, we anticipate creating a two-way exchange opportunity for participants through a summer program, thereby increasing their global mindset and connection to global sports.


Co- CoachEval Educator Program in Uganda

  • Fund Source(s): University of Missouri, St. Louis, College of Education: $5,000
  •  PI: Dr. Timothy Makubuya
  • CO-PI: Dr. Robert Zavuga (Uganda Olympics Committee)
  • CO-PI: Mr. Samuel Lubega (South African Sports Institute & Ministry of Education and Sports- Uganda)
  • Research Assistant: Henry Bakumpe

The lack of proper prevention and the mismanagement of key sports injuries, such as sports-related concussions in Uganda, is among the key issues in Uganda’s sports industry today (Lubega et al, In press). Moreover, the need for educators to be aware of the physical, cognitive, academic, behavioral, and emotional effects of sports-related concussion has been suggested through the implementation of programs such as Concussion Awareness Training Toolkit (Babul, 2015; Babul S, Korn P, Goldman R, et al (2014). Participants will be prepared in nutrition and injury prevention techniques, including equipping them in disseminating strategies to other fellow coaches.